Thursday, 23 June 2016

The report suggests AI could "surpass human intelligence within a few decades

Info development of AI

The report suggests AI could "surpass human intelligence within a few decades". 

Some members of European Parliament fear that without the controls humans may no longer be in charge of their own fate.

If Asimov's predictions are being followed by the EU leaders, then a blueprint already exists.

The author already outlined the "three laws of robotics" in his novel, that inspired Hollywood Blockbuster I Robot in 2004.

The suggestion comes amid fears some robots may become psychopaths.

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These were that a robot must not harm any human, he has to obey them, and cannot harm humanity. 

EU politicians point towards the fact that robots could become or be made self-aware by means of artificial intelligence. 

Its report says robots "would be equipped with certain rights and responsibilities and be held responsible for any damages caused”.

In future, these machines could be classed and registered as 'intelligent robots' and be supervised by the European agency for robotics and artificial intelligence, the report continues.

Even a mandatory insurance has been suggested by EU MPs, which would say that the manufacturer of the autonomous robot needs to arrange insurance, against any ill effects of their creations. 

The insurance system could possibly be supplemented by a "higher level fund". 

The ideas of the MEPs are not restricted to robots in factory buildings of big manufacturers. 

There are also varied questions, ethical and otherwise, about further electronic species, for example carer robots, medicinal robots, autonomous cars and drones, says the report.

There is also talk of limiting how many human jobs can be replaced by AI and robots amid fears it will create mass unemployment across the EU.

But discussions over restricting jobs which robots can do has angered manufacturers and not met with universal appeal.

There are also fears robots may take jobs from humans leading to an employment crisis.

There are also fears robots may take jobs from humans leading to an employment crisis.
It might be the right thing to do to have these discussions within a lawful context, but it was 'way too early to discuss details like robot registries or social security contributions'.

Thilo Brodtmann, VDMA CEO
Germany’s engineering industry has already warned of EU over zealousness, as it used a robot exhibition in Munich as a platform to clarify the views of the industry.

But the growing number of robots is something that worries EU bureaucrats.

They point to the fact that the sales of robots have increased yearly by 17 per cent between 2010 and 2014.

The applications for robot technology patents has even tripled within a decade. 

Germany has, after Korea and Japan, the highest density of robots. 

Last year nearly a quarter million robots were sold worldwide, a record according to the International Federation of Robotics. 

There is apparently no end in sight for the growth, and worldwide, it could mean as many as 2.3 million in operation by 2018 - twice as many as there were in 2009.

The fear in Brussels is that huge numbers of manufacturing jobs currently done by humans could soon be carried out by robots, says a report by the EU Commission. 

The trade group VDMA, that is connected to leading German machine engineering and robot companies like Kuka, say most of these fear still belong in the realm of sci-fi. 

Instead the group emphasises the advantages of digitalisation. 

These bring "immense chances for Europe's economy", but only if the laws won't hinder the development prematurely, it said in a statement.




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