Saturday, 22 October 2016

AI is closer than we know - Crunch Network - Christoffer O. Hernæs


AI is closer than we know

Christoffer O. Hernæs
Christoffer O. Hernæs is vice president of Strategy,
Innovation and Analysis at Sparebank 1 Group,
Norway’s second-largest financial institution.

Artificial intelligence is one of the hottest subjects these days, and recent advances in technology make AI even closer to reality than most of us can imagine.

The subject really got traction when Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk and more than 1,000 AI and robotics researchers signed an open letter issuing a warning regarding the use of AI in weapons development last year. The following month, BAE Systems unveiled Taranis, the most advanced autonomous UAV ever created; there are currently 40 countries working on the deployment of AI in weapons development.

Those in the defense industry are not the only ones engaging in an arms race to create advanced AI. Tech giants Facebook, Google, Microsoft and IBM are all engaging in various AI-initiatives, as well as competing on developing digital personal assistants like Facebook’s M, Cortana from Microsoft and Apple’ Siri.

Mark Zuckerberg even wants to create his own version of Jarvis from Iron Man to run his home. At this year’s World Economic Forum in Davos it was stated that artificial intelligence is ushering in the fourth industrial revolution, which will change society as we know it and cost five million jobs by 2020.

Robots are no longer limited to traditional blue-collar jobs, fully automated assembly lines and high-frequency trading algorithms. White-collar jobs are ripe for automation, and robots are replacing bank tellers, mortgage brokers and loan officers in the financial industry. These examples follow strict repetitive rule-based routines, and a machine easily can perform them without any human interaction.

However, a recent development is the beginning of a new era of AI, in which AI can perform complex tasks and must no longer rely on pre-programmed rules for decision-making. Robo-advisor services like Betterment and Wealthfront are rising in popularity, and the hedge fund industry is launching AI-controlled funds that operate completely without human interaction. The co-head of one of these funds predicts that the time will come that no human investment manager will be able to beat the computer. But how is it possible for AI to operate autonomously without any human interaction?

The road to true artificial intelligence is not paved with a single discipline.
Machine learning, one of the fundamentals behind AI, was defined by Arthur Samuel in 1959 as the science of getting computers to learn and act without being explicitly programmed. This technology is integral in the development of self-driving cars, IBM Watson and speech and image recognition, as well as solving some of our most challenging tasks, like making sense of the human genome.

Machine learning has its roots in statistical pattern recognition, and is fundamental in many everyday applications and services, like spam filters and web search algorithms. The fundamental aspect of machine learning is letting the computer program learn from examples. To accelerate machine learning development, Google released its machine learning system, TensorFlow, on GitHub, which led to Microsoft following up shortly thereafter.

Deep learning takes the concept of machine learning even deeper (pun intended), and can model complex non-linear relationships consisting of many layers. Deep learning is often mentioned interchangeably together with artificial/deep neural networks, which can be viewed as a biologically inspired programming paradigm that enables a computer to learn from observational data. Deep learning is considered the technique we apply to learn in neural networks.

Quantum computing is the latest and hottest in AI development. Google states they have in collaboration with NASA a quantum computer that is 100 million times faster than a traditional computer. The D-Wave 2X could theoretically complete calculations within seconds to a problem that might take a digital computer 10,000 years to calculate. However, Google states that quantum computing might not be suitable for deep learning.

While traditional computers rely on bits that are either 1 or 0, a quantum computer is based on cubits that can hold a superposition and be both 1 and 0 simultaneously. This state enables quantum computers to crunch data at an exponential rate. While quantum computing may not be suited for deep learning, it could revolutionize the field of optimization in logistics, investment strategies and energy production and consumption.

The road to true artificial intelligence is not paved with a single discipline, but rather a collection of specialized subject matters, techniques and theories that together interact to create some form of intelligence.

I have limited this post to include only a selection of the technologies and techniques applied in AI research and development. For further insight, I recommend looking into evolutionary computing and logic programming (even though I still hold a grudge against Prolog for making me feel too stupid to really understand how it works when I played around with it many years ago).


IoT attacks of the Internet : >




Saturday, 8 October 2016

ROBOT ARMIES: No more Western soldier deaths ‘in a DECADE’ as MACHINES take over

ROBOT ARMIES: No more Western soldier deaths ‘in a DECADE’ as MACHINES take over

THERE will be no longer be human casualties of war from wealthy countries within 10 years as advanced military will begin sending MACHINES to war-zones to do their bidding, an expert has claimed.

PUBLISHED: 10:00, Sat, Oct 8, 2016

There will be no more Western soldier deaths in ten years.

US Presidential hopeful Zoltan Istvan, a Third Party candidate in the race to become the next leader of America, has said America, and other Western countries, will begin phasing out humans for war and replace them with robots.

Mr Istvan, a trans-humanist – a movement that wants to use science and technology to radically change the human being and the human experience by merging our bodies with machine – and futurist says that the process of replacing humans with machines in war-zones has already begun.

The 44-year old claims helicopter pilots have already been told that they are not going to be actual pilots within five years.

He told Express Online: “The other day they sat down 500 of the best navy helicopter pilots in a room and said ‘so I know you’ve all been training for your Top Gun missions and you want to go into the field and do this but over the next few years we’re going to be phasing out all manned helicopter missions and you’re going to be sitting at an office in Washington DC flying drone helicopters, so be prepared.

AI revolution could spell the END of immigration

  Drones will take over from helicopters

“‘If you came here to fly manned missions, that’s not going to be happening much longer’.

“We don’t want to put our navy personnel directly in the field if we can avoid it.”

Mr Istvan says the future of Navy personnel in the US will be confined to a desk, controlling a drone or something of similar ilk – which they were not too pleased about hearing.

Soldiers are unlikely to be sent to war
He continued: “These were guys who saw the movie Top Gun and wanted to be out in the field, not sat behind a desk playing video games.”

The next step of the process will see humans being completely phased out of war-zones, and Mr Istvan went as far as to say: “Within 10 years time, I’d bet there won’t be any deaths of US soldiers in war zones. 

“There will still probably be special forces, but even they are going to have to be replaced at some point.”

The Reasoning for this? “There is no way that we’re going to send a human being to do what a robot can do for far cheaper.

“A lot of soldiers come back, and then the US government has to support them and pay them money per month, which I think we should do, but that’s another incentive to spend up front on machines so that you don’t end up having these huge military bills taking care of veterans.

“Eventually, there will come a point where we no longer create disabled veterans. We will use machines.”

179 UK servicemen and women died during the campaign that followed the invasion of Iraq on 20 March 2003.

However, there is a great fear around the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in war for many reasons, mainly because they have the potential to upraise and rebel.

For this, Mr Istvan says that initially all robots will be controlled by humans.

He said: “I think right now there is a great fear of machines controlling machines.

“Everybody is so afraid of the Terminator scenario that while they’re very interested in robot soldiers, they’re not interested in robot soldiers being controlled by other robot soldiers yet.”

Mr Istvan added that there is likely to be a “cluster control” of the robots where one person is operating many machines.

Nonetheless, this has its own downfalls – especially if it gets into the wrong hands.

The US citizen of Hungarian descent can envisage a situation where a terrorist masters cluster control and can, for example, mass-purchase regular drones and use them in attacks.

He warned: “A terrorist attack is certainly easy to happen anywhere in the next 10 years. 

“You can go out to your local drone store, buy 50 of them, arm every single one of them with bullets from Wall Mart, buy software online and you can attack the Super Bowl, for example, where you have a hundred thousand people and you can drop acid bombs or shoot them with drones.

“We’ve never had such a dangerous predicament.”